Новочеркасск-1962

«Новочеркасский расстрел» — название исторических событий, произошедших в городе Новочеркасске Ростовской области РСФСР  1-2 июня 1962 года в результате забастовки рабочих Новочеркасского электровозостроительного завода (НЭВЗ).

Выступление было подавлено силами милиции, армии и КГБ СССР, а вся информация о новочеркасских событиях, в том числе о количестве погибших и раненых, была засекречена.

На суде, состоявшемся в Новочеркасске 13–20 августа 1962 года, семерым из «зачинщиков» забастовки были вынесены смертные приговоры, и они были расстреляны, 103 человека получили сроки от 2 до 15 лет лишения свободы.

В 1996 году все осуждённые были реабилитированы.

В сквере перед площадью, на которой и произошли трагические события, установлен памятный знак-камень с лаконичной надписью: «1962 г.» и православным восьмиконечным крестом.

В это же время на НЭВЗе установили мемориальную доску с надписью: «Здесь началось стихийное выступление доведенных до отчаянья рабочих, закончившееся 2 июня 1962 года расстрелом на центральной площади города и последующими репрессиями».

Что же стало решающим фактором для рабочих, что заставило пойти их на столь решительные действия. Что стало с людьми, которые участвовали в событиях, и как они живут сейчас?..

     Каждый человек должен знать историю своего родного города и страны, постараемся же хоть немного приблизиться к события прошлого и понять истинные причины восстания.

 События, произошедшие в начале июня 1962 года, получили отражение в художественных фильмах — «Уроки в конце весны» («Мосфильм», режиссёр Олег Кавун); «Разыскивается опасный преступник» (Киностудия имени М. Горького, режиссёр Георгий Гахокия),  «Однажды в Ростове» (телесериал, режиссёр Константин Худяков), первые две серии описывают события в Новочеркасске;  «Дорогие товарищи!» (режиссёр Андрей Кончаловский).

А также в документальных фильмах  — «Расстрел на площади. 1962 год» из цикла «XX век. Русские тайны» (НТВ); Документальный фильм Глеба Пьяных «Пуля-дура» (НТВ); Сюжет в телепрограмме «Военная тайна» (РЕН ТВ); Сюжет в документальной передаче «Легенды СССР. Рождение и смерть Советской колбасы» РЕН ТВ; Сюжет в документальном цикле «Время великих обманов» (ТРИТЭ, 1996).

И, конечно, в книгах: Бочаровой Татьяны, «Новочеркасск. Кровавый полдень», в художественных произведениях А. И. Солженицына, в повести А.Мацанова «Новочеркасск. Июньские заморозки».

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